Susan B. Anthony was an American social reformer and women’s rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women’s suffrage movement and is also the first woman to appear on a U.S. Mint coin; So who was Susan B. Anthony and where was she from? How did she become an activist for women’s rights? Well, we’ve found the answers to these and other questions. The following is a brief history of Miss Anthony according to Wikipedia, National Woman’s Suffrage Association: Report of International Council of Women, the US Mint, the National Registry of Historical Places and the Susan B. Anthony Museum.
Susan B. Anthony was born on February 15, 1820 to Daniel Anthony and Lucy Read in Adams, Massachusetts and was the 2nd oldest of 7 children. She is named after her maternal grandmother Susanah and her father’s sister Susan. The “B” she adopted as her middle name because her namesake (Aunt Susan) had married a man named Brownwell (she never used the name Brownwell because she didn’t like it, so she stayed with B.). Miss Anthony never married and therefore had no children, however, she had a great-niece named Susan B. Anthony II (more in a later story) who died in Boca Raton, Florida, on July 8, 1991 at the age of 74. .
Anthony and her family moved to Battenville, New York when she was 6 and at 17; Anthony was sent to a Quaker boarding school in Philadelphia where she endured a harsh atmosphere. Anthony was forced to quit his studies after 1 year due to an economic and financial downturn known as the “Panic of 1837”. In 1845 his family moved to a farm on the outskirts of Rochester, New York; it was there that Anthony got his first taste of activism as the farm became a gathering place for local activists. The Rochester Women’s Rights Convention of 1848 was held at a church which she and her family attended regularly however; Anthony did not attend the convention as she moved to Canajoharie in 1846 to be director of the women’s department at the Académie Canajoharie. When the academy closed in 1849; Anthony took over the operations of the family farm so that his father could devote more time to his insurance company.
In 1851 Anthony was introduced to Elizabeth Cady Stanton who had been one of the organizers of the Seneca Falls Convention; when the Stantons moved to New York, they made sure Anthony had a bedroom for every house they stayed in. In 1852; Stanton and Anthony founded the New York Women’s State Temperance Society, and Anthony was barred from speaking at a convention because she was a woman. In 1863 the two women founded the Women’s Royal National League, in 1866 they started the American Equal Rights Association; in 1868 they co-authored and published a journal on women’s rights called “The Revolution”; in 1869 they founded the National Women’s Suffrage Association with Anthony as the main force. In 1872, Anthony was arrested in his hometown for voting in violation of laws that allowed only men to vote (United States vs. SUSAN B. ANTHONY); she was convicted in a widely publicized trial (August 18, 2020; the 100th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment, then President Donald J. Trump announced he would pardon Anthony-148 years after his conviction); in 1876 Anthony began working with Matilda Joslyun Gage in what became a 6-volume history of women’s suffrage; in 1890, the organization Stanton and Anthony were working on merged with the rival American Woman Suffrage Association to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association. In 1878, Anthony and Stanton arranged for Congress to be present with an amendment giving women the right to vote; it later became the Susan B. Anthony Amendment and then ratified as the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920. Anthony died at the age of 86 on March 13, 1906 at his home in Rochester, New York, d pneumonia and heart failure; she is buried in Mount Home Cemetery in Rochester, New York. Anthony’s birthplace in Adams, Massachusetts is now a National Historic Landmark called the Susan B. Anthony Museum and Home and his childhood home in Battenville, New York as well as his birthplace are listed on the National Register of Historic Places .
In 1950 Anthony was inducted into the Hall of Fame for Great Americans; in 1973 Anthony was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame and in 1979 the United States Mint began using the Susan B. Anthony coin; the first coin honoring a citizen.